What is Ethics?Ethics requires a conduct that is in accordance with the principles of dignity, integrity, loyalty and responsibility in all relations of a competitive, economic, social (including social media) and moral nature.
In addition, any acts in a situation in which a conflict of interest exists, or any situation in which a conflict of interest is not declared, constitutes an ethical conduct violation.
Relevant RulesIn addition, the IIHF rules on Ethics can be found in the IIHF Code of Conduct. The following rules are relevant in this respect:
1.1 Fundamental Principles
1.1.1 IIHF Covered Parties are subject to the IIHF Statutes and Bylaws, Regulations/Codes, Decisions and Directives of the IIHF and the relevant IIHF Bodies, and must strictly follow their terms and provisions.
1.1.2 IIHF Covered Parties violating this Code of Conduct are subject to disciplinary sanctions imposed by the IIHF Disciplinary Board.
1.1.3 Ignorance of this Code of Conduct or of any other Regulations approved by the IIHF is not considered an excuse.
1.1.4 The obligations described in this Code of Conduct are personal in nature. Individuals are responsible for their own conduct. While MNAs are encouraged to promote the values and ideals described in this Code of Conduct to their membership and representatives, no MNA shall bear responsibility for any breach of this Code of Conduct by an IIHF Covered Party.
1.1.5 Notwithstanding section 1.1.4, prior knowledge of an IIHF Covered Party’s future or continuing Violation of this Code, and failure to take any action to stop such Violation, may constitute a Violation by an IIHF Covered Party or MNA with such knowledge.
1.2 Attitude and Behavior
1.2.1 IIHF Covered Parties must conduct themselves in accordance with the principles of dignity, integrity, loyalty and responsibility in all relations of a competitive, economic, social (including social media) and moral nature. For on-ice activity, players must adhere to the standard level of conduct for on-ice player activity specifically detailed in the IIHF Official Rule Book.
1.2.2 In order to ensure the respect of the above-mentioned principles, IIHF Covered Parties are expected to base their attitude and behavior on the following criteria:
188.8.131.52 Dignity: means behaving in a respectful manner including the proper respect of the rights of the individual and the right to privacy. To this end:
(a) There shall be no abuse or discrimination against the human dignity of a person or group of persons by whatever means, including on grounds of race, skin color, gender, ethnic, national or social origin, religion, philosophical or political opinion, marital status, sexual orientation or other grounds.
(b) Any activity constituting any form of harassment (physical, mental, moral, professional or sexual); physical, verbal or sexual abuse; moral or mental injury; acts of violence or illegal activity will not be tolerated. All IIHF Covered Parties must conform to the IIHF abuse and harassment policy.
(c) Each IIHF Covered Party shall at all times respect all facilities and objects used in connection to the organization and the operation of an IIHF Event, including but not limited to, accommodation, locker rooms, transportation vehicles and player benches.
184.108.40.206 Integrity: means being upright in character, refraining from all incorrect behavior that might give rise to the appearance or suspicion of improper conduct and facing life’s circumstances with moral strength, honesty and incorruptibility. To this end:
(a) IIHF Covered Parties may not, directly or indirectly, offer any remuneration, or accept or request any commission, benefit or service, other than those established in the IIHF Regulations, for (i) the commission or omission of an act or (ii) services rendered or due for the benefit of the IIHF. Gifts of nominal value, in accordance with local customs, and per diem earned in accordance with IIHF Regulations are permitted.
(b) IIHF Covered Parties shall not disclose any information about the IIHF that is not generally known by third parties, entrusted to them by virtue of their function, and shall not use this confidential information except in the performance of their IIHF duties. In addition, the disclosure of non-confidential information must not be made for personal gain or benefit, nor be undertaken maliciously to damage the reputation of any IIHF Covered Party.
220.127.116.11 Loyalty: means to show continuous allegiance to the IIHF. To this end:
(a) IIHF Covered Parties shall always abide strictly by the IIHF Statutes and Bylaws, Regulation/Codes, Decisions and Directives, including the sports and ethics principles upheld by the IIHF.
(b) IIHF Covered Parties shall have a fiduciary duty to the IIHF, MNAs, leagues and clubs.
18.104.22.168 Responsibility: means the performance by an individual without supervision of the tasks and functions held with care, in the best interest and full respect of ice hockey and of the IIHF Statutes, Bylaws and Regulations/Codes. To this end:
(a) IIHF Covered Parties shall not act in a manner likely to damage the IIHF’s reputation or bring ice hockey into disrepute.
(b) IIHF Covered Parties shall not give, make, issue, authorize or endorse any statements and/or declarations (including through, print, broadcast, internet and/or any social media) that violate any provision of this Code of Conduct specifically including, but not limited to, any statements that have or are designed to have an effect prejudicial to the welfare of the IIHF, any IIHF Covered party or the game of ice hockey, or bring ice hockey into disrepute.
Rule 2: Conflicts of Interest
For the purposes of this Code “Conflict of interest” means a situation where an IIHF Covered Party:
a) May draw personal and/or professional gain or advantage directly or indirectly from a third party due to his own decisions taken in the fulfillment of his official functions.
b) May have, or appear to have, private or personal interests that detract from his ability to perform his duties to the IIHF with integrity in an independent, impartial and purposeful manner. Private or personal interests include gaining any possible advantage for the persons bound by this Code themselves, their families, relatives, friends and acquaintances.
c) May not be free to express his opinion or act objectively due to his personal/professional concern, involvement or implication with (an) other physical or legal party(s), which may be reasonably considered as influencing his own free will, judgment or decision.
Acting in a situation while an IIHF Covered Party has a conflict of interest is prohibited. A Covered Party performing a function on behalf of the IIHF or any of its MNAs, suppliers or partners is required to declare any possible conflict of interest arising from his function or personal involvement with another MNA, supplier or partner.
2.2 Specific Provisions
2.3.1 When performing an activity for the IIHF or before being elected or appointed, all IIHF Covered Parties bound by this Code shall disclose any personal, professional or financial interests that could raise a potential conflict of interest with their prospective IIHF duties.
2.3.2 Any such conflict shall be immediately disclosed and notified to the IIHF Ethics Board which shall determine whether a conflict exists.
2.3.3 IIHF Covered Parties bound by this Code may not perform their duties in cases with an existing or potential conflict of interest.
2.3.4 For purposes of this Code, failure to disclose and/or continuing to act once a conflict of interest is realized shall be considered a Violation in accordance with Rule 4 of this Code.
ReportingAll concerns regarding Ethical misconduct can at all times be reported to the IIHF on the reporting page.
Investigations and Sanctions