Ostrava, which significantly contributes to the Czech industry and university education, is located at a confluence of the rivers Odra, Opava, Lučina and Ostravice. The city of Ostrava was first mentioned in the 13th century. Formerly a small village was established above the river Ostravice, which divides Ostrava into two parts nowadays – Moravian Ostrava and Silesian Ostrava.
A great source of high-quality black coal was found in the Silesian part of Ostrava. Thanks to the expansion of mining and metallurgy, Ostrava used to be called “the steel heart of the Republic”. However, black coal mining ended in 1994. The history of mining tradition in Ostrava is still being remembered thanks to a former industry area Dolní Vítkovice, which offers an interesting industrial architecture.
The proof of Ostrava’s importance in the Czech university education is provided by the existence of two universities – the University of Ostrava and the Technical University of Ostrava.
What to visit in Ostrava?
Ostrava is an important centre of culture as well. The Community Centre of the city of Ostrava hosts many cultural events, highly respected Janáček Philharmonic is based in the city, as well as four theatres – Moravian-Silesian National Theatre, Arena Chamber Theatre, Petr Bezruč Theatre and Puppet Theatre.
A tourist attraction is the Dolní Vítkovice - a former industrial area has been transformed into a cultural and community centre. Every year the international festival Colours of Ostrava and the dance music festival Beats for Love are held here.
Science and Technology Centrum, Gallery of Fine Art based in the Art House, Museum of Ostrava, Michal Mine, which is the best preserved mining area in Ostrava, or the Museum of the firemen of the city of Ostrava deserve your attention as well.
You can also visit a popular area Skalka located in a nearby city called Vřesina, which offers a great fun for skiers, snowboarders or skaters, who have an unique chance to experience open-ice skating, and neither a ski park for kids is missing in the area.