Official IIHF Documents
The teams and groups were seeded according to the 2020 IIHF Men’s World Ranking. The tournament includes the top-eight nations, three qualifiers and host China.
The 2022 Olympic Winter Games Men’s Ice Hockey Tournament is operated according to a similar format like in 2010, 2014 and 2018.
The Final Round includes 4 Qualification Playoff Games, 4 Quarter-Final Games, 2 Semi-Final Games, one Bronze Medal Game and one Gold Medal Game:
At the conclusion of the Preliminary Round all 12 teams will be ranked according to special criteria. This ranking will be used for seeding the teams in the Qualification Playoff games and will used for calculating the Final Ranking at the conclusion of the 2022 Olympic Winter Games Men’s Tournament.
The following criteria will be used in the order presented to determine this ranking following completion of the Preliminary Round (1D – 12D):
- Higher position in the group
- Higher number of points
- Better goal difference
- Higher number of goals scored for
- Better 2020 IIHF World Ranking
- 5D – 12D
- 6D – 11D
- 7D – 10D
- 8D – 9D
The Quarter-Final Games will be played with the following matchups:
- 1D – Winner 8D/9D
- 2D – Winner 7D/10D
- 3D – Winner 6D/11D
- 4D – Winner 5D/12D
The Semi-Final games will be played with the highest-seeded semi-finalist playing the lowest-seeded semi-finalist according to the combined preliminary-round ranking (1D – 12D) for the early game. The second-highest seeded semi-finalist will play the third-highest seeded semi-finalist in the second Semi-Final game.
The two winning teams of the Semi-Finals will play for the Gold Medal while the two losing teams of the Semi-Finals will play for the Bronze Medal.
The team with the higher Preliminary Round ranking will be the home team in each final-round game.
Three Point SystemFor all games points shall be awarded as follows:
- 3 points for the winning team at the conclusion of regulation time
- 1 point for both teams at the conclusion of regulation time if the game is tied
- An additional point earned for the team winning the game in a 5-minute overtime period, or the Game Winning Shots Procedure if the teams are still tied following conclusion of the overtime period
- 0 points for the team losing the game in regulation time
Roster SizeThe maximum number of players allowed on a tournament roster in the 2022 Olympic men’s ice hockey tournament is 22 skaters and 3 goalkeepers.
During a game, any team may enter 20 skaters and 2 goalkeepers on the official game sheet.
Overtime OperationsIf a game is tied at the end of regulation time, a five-minute overtime period shall be played after a three-minute intermission. The teams will not change ends for the overtime period. The game will end when the five minutes have expired or when a goal is scored; the scoring team will be declared the winner. If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will apply. All overtime periods of any IIHF preliminary-round or round-robin game shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
Overtime procedure in Play-Off Games:In case of a tie at the conclusion of regulation time in a Qualification Playoff, Quarter-Final and Semi-Final game, there will be a 10-minute sudden-death overtime period played after a three-minute intermission.
- The teams will not change ends.
- The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
- The team, which scores a goal during this period is the winner.
- If no goal is scored during the overtime period, there will be Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) according to the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure.
- In the Gold & Bronze Medal Games, 20-minute sudden-death overtime periods will be played until the winning goal is scored. Between each period, there will be a 15-minute intermission during which the ice will be resurfaced.
- The overtime periods shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
- The team which scores a goal in overtime is declared winner.
Penalty-Shot Shootout ProcedureIf no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) procedure will apply. The following procedure will be utilized:
- Five different shooters from each team will take alternate shots, until a decisive goal is scored.
- If the game is still tied after five shots by each team, the PSS will continue with a tie-break shoot out by one player of each team, with a reversed shooting order. The same or new players can take the tie-break shots.
- The same player can also be used for each shot by a team in the tie-break shoot-out.
- Only the decisive goal will count in the result of the game.
- Shots will be taken at both ends of the ice. The area of the ice to be used will be dry scraped.
- A coin toss will determine which team takes the first shot, with the winner of the toss having the choice whether his team will shoot first or second.
- Any player whose penalty was not over when overtime ended cannot take the shots and must stay in the penalty box or in the dressing room.
- The goalkeepers will defend the same goal, as in the overtime period. The goalkeepers from each team may be changed after each shot.
- The players of both teams will take the shots alternately until a decisive goal is scored.
- The decisive goal will be credited to the player who scored and to the goalkeeper concerned.
Tie breaking formula
The tie-breaking system for two teams with the same number of points in a standing will be the game between the two teams, the winner of the game taking precedence.
Due to the fact that the three-point system does not allow a game to end in a tie, then the following tie breaking procedure is applicable when three or more teams are tied in points in a Championship standing.
Should three or more teams be tied on points, then a tie breaking formula will be applied as follows, creating a sub-group amongst the tied teams. This process will continue until only two or none of the teams remain tied. In the case of two tied teams remaining, the game between the two would then be the determining tie-breaker as the game could not end as a tie. In the case of none of the teams being tied, the criteria specified in the respective step applies.
Step 1: Taking into consideration the games between each of the tied teams, a sub-group is created applying the points awarded in the direct games amongst the tied teams from which the teams are then ranked accordingly.
Step 2: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points then the better goal difference in the direct games amongst the tied teams will be decisive.
Step 3: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points and goal difference then the highest number of goals scored by these teams in their direct games will be decisive
Step 4: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points, goal difference and goals scored then the results between each of the three teams and the closest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied. In this case the tied team with the best result (1. points, 2. goal difference, 3. more goals scored) against the closest best ranked-team will take precedence
Step 5: Should the teams still remain tied, then the results between each of the three teams and the next highest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied.
Step 6: Should the teams still remain tied after these five steps have been exercised then Sport considerations will be applied and the teams will be ranked by their positions coming into the Championship (seeding).
In the case where two teams are tied and they have not yet played against each other, and in the
case where three or more teams are tied and not all mutual games have been played within the subgroup, the following criteria will be used to break the tie: 1. fewest number of games played, 2. highest goal Difference in all games, 3. highest number of goals for in all games, 4. highest tournament seeding entering the tournament.