The top-6 nations of the 2020 IIHF Women’s World Ranking (USA, Canada, Finland, ROC, Switzerland, Japan) and host China were automatically qualified and seeded according to the ranking. The three qualifiers (Czech Republic, Sweden, Denmark) were determined during in the Olympic Qualification.
The 10 teams are divided into two, tiered, five-team groups in the Preliminary Round.
After a single round-robin series in each group, the five teams from Group A and the best three teams from Group B advance to the Playoff Round.
The Quarter-Finals will be played between A1-B3, A2-B2, A3-B1, A4-A5. The winner of each Quarter-Final moves onto the semi-Finals.
In the semi-finals the best-ranked team - criteria: 1) Tier of the group. 2) placement in the group - will play against the lowest-ranked semi-finalist. The 2nd-best ranked semi-finalist will play the 3rd-best ranked semi-finalist. The time slots will officially be determined after the quarter-final games.
The winner of each semi-final game will move onto the Gold Medal Game, while the losers will play in the Bronze Medal Game.
The remaining teams (5th to 10th) will be ranked according to 1. the tiered group they played in (A/B), 2. their position within the group, 3. their preliminary-round record (1. points, 2. goal difference, 3. goals scored).
Three Point SystemFor all games points shall be awarded as follows:
- 3 points for the winning team at the conclusion of regulation time
- 1 point for both teams at the conclusion of regulation time if the game is tied
- An additional point earned for the team winning the game in a 5-minute overtime period, or the Game Winning Shots Procedure if the teams are still tied following conclusion of the overtime period
- 0 points for the team losing the game in regulation time
Roster SizeThe maximum number of players allowed on a tournament roster in the 2022 Olympic women’s ice hockey tournament is 20 skaters and 3 goalkeepers.
During a game, any team may enter 20 skaters and 2 goalkeepers on the official game sheet.
Overtime OperationsIf a game is tied at the end of regulation time, a five-minute overtime period shall be played after a three-minute intermission. The teams will not change ends for the overtime period. The game will end when the five minutes have expired or when a goal is scored; the scoring team will be declared the winner. If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will apply. All overtime periods of any IIHF preliminary-round or round-robin game shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
Overtime procedure in Play-Off Games:In case of a tie at the conclusion of regulation time in a quarter-final and semi-final game, there will be a 10-minute sudden-death overtime period played after a three-minute intermission.
- The teams will not change ends.
- The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
- The team, which scores a goal during this period is the winner.
- If no goal is scored during the overtime period, there will be Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) according to the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure.
- In the Gold & Bronze Medal Games, 20-minute sudden-death overtime periods will be played until the winning goal is scored. Between each period, there will be a 15-minute intermission during which the ice will be resurfaced.
- The overtime periods shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
- The team which scores a goal in overtime is declared winner.
Penalty-Shot Shootout ProcedureIf no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) procedure will apply. The following procedure will be utilized:
- Five different shooters from each team will take alternate shots, until a decisive goal is scored.
- If the game is still tied after five shots by each team, the PSS will continue with a tie-break shoot out by one player of each team, with a reversed shooting order. The same or new players can take the tie-break shots.
- The same player can also be used for each shot by a team in the tie-break shoot-out.
- Only the decisive goal will count in the result of the game.
- Shots will be taken at both ends of the ice. The area of the ice to be used will be dry scraped.
- A coin toss will determine which team takes the first shot, with the winner of the toss having the choice whether his team will shoot first or second.
- Any player whose penalty was not over when overtime ended cannot take the shots and must stay in the penalty box or in the dressing room.
- The goalkeepers will defend the same goal, as in the overtime period. The goalkeepers from each team may be changed after each shot.
- The players of both teams will take the shots alternately until a decisive goal is scored.
- The decisive goal will be credited to the player who scored and to the goalkeeper concerned.
Tie breaking formula
The tie-breaking system for two teams with the same number of points in a standing will be the game between the two teams, the winner of the game taking precedence.
Due to the fact that the three-point system does not allow a game to end in a tie, then the following tie breaking procedure is applicable when three or more teams are tied in points in a Championship standing.
Should three or more teams be tied on points, then a tie breaking formula will be applied as follows, creating a sub-group amongst the tied teams. This process will continue until only two or none of the teams remain tied. In the case of two tied teams remaining, the game between the two would then be the determining tie-breaker as the game could not end as a tie. In the case of none of the teams being tied, the criteria specified in the respective step applies.
Step 1: Taking into consideration the games between each of the tied teams, a sub-group is created applying the points awarded in the direct games amongst the tied teams from which the teams are then ranked accordingly.
Step 2: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points then the better goal difference in the direct games amongst the tied teams will be decisive.
Step 3: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points and goal difference then the highest number of goals scored by these teams in their direct games will be decisive
Step 4: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points, goal difference and goals scored then the results between each of the three teams and the closest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied. In this case the tied team with the best result (1. points, 2. goal difference, 3. more goals scored) against the closest best ranked-team will take precedence
Step 5: Should the teams still remain tied, then the results between each of the three teams and the next highest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied.
Step 6: Should the teams still remain tied after these five steps have been exercised then Sport considerations will be applied and the teams will be ranked by their positions coming into the Championship (seeding).
In the case where two teams are tied and they have not yet played against each other, and in the
case where three or more teams are tied and not all mutual games have been played within the subgroup, the following criteria will be used to break the tie: 1. fewest number of games played, 2. highest goal Difference in all games, 3. highest number of goals for in all games, 4. highest tournament seeding entering the tournament.
Final RankingThe gold medal game and bronze medal game will determine the final ranking for the top-4 teams. The other teams will be ranked following their positions in the groups preceding the quarter-final round.
The final ranking for teams ranked 5th-10th will follow the following procedure:
- Tier of the group (A>B)
- Higher position in the group,
- Higher number of points,
- Better goal difference,
- Higher number of goals scored for,
- Better seeding number